Frequency-Domain MMSE Channel Estimation for Frequency-Domain Equalization of DS-CDMA Signals

Kazuaki TAKEDA  Fumiyuki ADACHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.7   pp.1746-1753
Publication Date: 2007/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.7.1746
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
DS-CDMA,  frequency-domain equalization,  channel estimation,  MMSE criterion,  

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Frequency-domain equalization (FDE) based on minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion can replace the conventional rake combining to significantly improve the bit error rate (BER) performance in a frequency-selective fading channel. MMSE-FDE requires an accurate estimate of the channel transfer function and the signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR). Direct application of pilot-assisted channel estimation (CE) degrades the BER performance, since the frequency spectrum of the pilot chip sequence is not constant over the spreading bandwidth. In this paper, we propose a pilot-assisted decision feedback frequency-domain MMSE-CE. The BER performance with the proposed pilot-assisted MMSE-CE in a frequency-selective Rayleigh fading channel is evaluated by computer simulation. It is shown that MMSE-CE always gives a good BER performance irrespective of the choice of the pilot chip sequence and shows a high tracking ability against fading. For a spreading factor SF of 16, the Eb/N0 degradation for BER=10-4 with MMSE-CE from the ideal CE case is as small as 0.9 dB (including an Eb/N0 loss of 0.28 dB due to the pilot insertion).