An Adaptive Resource-Based Probabilistic Search Algorithm for P2P Networks

Haoxiang ZHANG  Lin ZHANG  Xiuming SHAN  Victor O. K. LI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B    No.7    pp.1631-1639
Publication Date: 2007/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.7.1631
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
P2P networks,  resource search,  popularity,  probabilistic forwarding,  

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A novel Adaptive Resource-based Probabilistic Search algorithm (ARPS) for P2P networks is proposed in this paper. ARPS introduces probabilistic forwarding for query messages according to the popularity of the resource being searched. A mechanism is introduced to estimate the popularity and adjust the forwarding probability accordingly such that a tradeoff between search performance and cost can be made. Using computer simulations, we compare the performance of ARPS with several other search algorithms. It is shown that ARPS performs well under various P2P scenarios. ARPS guarantees a success rate above a certain level under all circumstances, and enjoys high and popularity-invariant search success rate. Furthermore, ARPS adapts well to the variation of popularity, resulting in high efficiency and flexibility.