Traffic Analysis and Traffic-Smoothing Burst Assembly Methods for the Optical Burst Switching Network

Ping DU  Shunji ABE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.7   pp.1620-1630
Publication Date: 2007/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.7.1620
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Switching for Communications
optical burst switching,  Fractional Brownian Motion,  traffic smoothing,  burst assembly,  

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Burst assembly at edge nodes is an important issue for the Optical Burst Switching (OBS) networks because it has a great impact on the traffic characteristics. We analyze the assembled traffic of the Science Information Network (SINET) by using the Fractional Brownian Motion (FBM) model. The analytical and simulation results show that existing assembly schemes cannot avoid increasing the burstiness, which will deteriorate the network performance. Here, burstiness is defined as the variance of the bitrate in small timescales. Therefore, we address the issue of how to reduce the burstiness of the assembled network traffic. Firstly, a sliding window-based assembly algorithm is introduced to reduce the burstiness of assembled traffic by transmitting bursts at an average rate in a small timescale. Next, an advanced timer-based assembly algorithm is introduced, by which the traffic rate is smoothed out by restricting the burst length to a threshold. The simulation results show that both the sliding window-based and advanced timer-based assembly algorithms perform better than existing assembly algorithms do in terms of the burst loss ratio. The simulation also indicates that the advanced timer-based assembly algorithm performs better in terms of the edge buffering delay than the sliding window-based assembly algorithm does.