Performance Evaluation of SAGE Algorithm for Channel Estimation and Data Detection Using Superimposed Training in MIMO System

Fumiaki TSUZUKI  Tomoaki OHTSUKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.6   pp.1460-1466
Publication Date: 2007/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.6.1460
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
SAGE algorithm,  superimposed pilot,  MIMO,  

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Recently, the superimposed pilot channel estimation has attracted attention for wireless communications, where the pilot symbol sequence is superimposed on a data symbol sequence and transmitted together, and thus there is no drop in information rate. In the superimposed pilot channel estimation, the receiver correlates the received symbol sequence with the pilot symbol sequence, and obtains the channel estimate. However, the correlation between the pilot symbol sequence and the data symbol sequence deteriorates the channel estimation accuracy. In particular, the channel estimation accuracy of the superimposed pilot channel estimation scheme is significantly deteriorated in MIMO systems, because the pilot symbol power of each transmit antenna to the total transmit power of all transmit antennas becomes smaller as the number of transmit antennas increases. On the other hand, it has been well known that the SAGE algorithm is an effective method for channel estimation and data detection. This algorithm is particularly effective in MIMO systems, because the operation of this algorithm can cancel the interference from other transmit antennas. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of the SAGE algorithm for channel estimation and data detection using superimposed pilot channel estimation in MIMO systems. From the results of computer simulations, we show that the system using the SAGE algorithm with superimposed training can achieve the good BER performances by using the SAGE algorithm with iteration.