An Integrated Routing Mechanism for Cross-Layer Traffic Engineering in IP over WDM Networks

Yuki KOIZUMI  Shin'ichi ARAKAWA  Masayuki MURATA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B    No.5    pp.1142-1151
Publication Date: 2007/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.5.1142
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Internet
wavelength division multiplexing,  IP over WDM,  traffic engineering,  routing,  integrated routing algorithm,  

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One approach to accommodating IP traffic on a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network is to construct a logical topology, establishing a set of lightpaths between nodes. The lightpaths carry IP traffic but do not require any electronic packet processing at intermediate nodes, thereby reducing the load on those nodes. When the IP and WDM networks have independent routing functions, however, the lightpaths in the WDM network may not be fully utilized by the IP router. It is therefore necessary to integrate the two routing mechanisms in order to utilize resources efficiently and adapt to changes in traffic. In this paper, we propose an integrated routing mechanism for IP over WDM networks. The key idea is to first prepare a set of virtual-links representing the lightpaths that can be established by the WDM network, then calculate the minimum cost route on an IP network including those links. Our simulation results show that when traffic patterns do not change, the throughput of our method is almost the same as that of a logical topology optimally designed for a given traffic demand. When traffic patterns change, the throughput of our method is about 50% higher than that of the logical topology.