An Energy Efficient Data Query Architecture for Large Scale Sensor Networks

Ruay-Shiung CHANG  An-Chin LEE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.2   pp.217-227
Publication Date: 2007/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.2.217
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
sensor networks,  data query protocol,  energy efficiency,  

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With the advances of micro-electronic and wireless communication technology, deploying a large number of low cost, small-sized sensor nodes over a vast area for environment monitoring is becoming more practical. Setting up gradients for delivering queries or data reports by flooding the sensor networks consumes a great deal of energy especially for large scale sensor networks. In this paper, we propose an energy conserving observer-initiated data dissemination protocol, called Grid Map Data Query Protocol (GMDQP), for multiple mobile sinks on a large scale sensor network. It conserves communication energy by employing a grid map data query technique to avoid full network events or queries flooding. A data source only announces the existence of data within a local area and a sink collects data by sending query message in a grid map. Nodes at cross point of grid check and query the data. It conserves energy by avoiding full network flooding in setting up data forwarding path. Simulations show that the proposed architecture is quite energy efficient.