Data Transmission Scheduling Based on RTS/CTS Exchange for Periodic Data Gathering Sensor Networks

Takashi MATSUDA  Masumi ICHIEN  Hiroshi KAWAGUCHI  Chikara OHTA  Masahiko YOSHIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.12   pp.3410-3418
Publication Date: 2007/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.12.3410
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Ubiquitous Sensor Networks)
sensor network,  data gathering,  scheduling,  cross-layer,  

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One challenging issue of sensor networks is extension of overall network system lifetimes. In periodic data gathering applications, the typical sensor node spends more time in the idle state than active state. Consequently, it is important to decrease power consumption during idle time. In this study, we propose a scheduling scheme based on the history of RTS/CTS exchange during the setup phase. Scheduling the transmission during transfer phase enables each node to turn off its RF circuit during idle time. By tracing ongoing RTS/CTS exchange during the steady phase, each node knows the progress of the data transfer process. Thereby, it can wait to receive packets for data aggregation. Simulation results show a 160-260% longer system lifetime with the proposed scheduling scheme compared to the existing approaches.