Proposal of an Assured Corridor Mechanism for Urgent Information Transmission in Wireless Sensor Networks

Tetsuya KAWAI  Naoki WAKAMIYA  Masayuki MURATA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.10   pp.2817-2826
Publication Date: 2007/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.10.2817
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
sensor networks,  urgent information,  fastness,  reliability,  

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Wireless sensor networks are expected to play an essential role as a social infrastructure to realize our safe and secure living environment. In such a network, critical information must be transmitted faster and more reliably than other information. We propose a distributed transmission mechanism which enables emergency packets to be carried with high reliability and low latency along a preferential path, which is called an "assured corridor." In this self-organizing assured corridor mechanism (ACM), which works above the network layer and does not depend on any specific routing or MAC protocol, a corridor is gradually established as the first packet containing urgent information propagates to the base station. The nodes surrounding the corridor suppress the transmission of non-urgent information and nodes in the corridor are kept awake to forward emergency packets. ACM avoids packet loss and possible delay caused by collisions in the wireless transmission and normal sleep scheduling. An acknowledgment and retransmission scheme is incorporated into ACM in order to improve reliability of transmission of urgent information. Simulation experiments showed that, when only one node transmitted urgent information, the retransmission contributed to establish a corridor quickly and that ACM improved the delivery ratio and the delay of the urgent information transmission once a corridor is established. It was proved that ACM was effective to improve the reliability and the latency of urgent information as well in the cases where multiple nodes sent urgent information at once.