Analysis of Symmetric Cancellation Coding for OFDM over a Multi-Path Rayleigh Fading Channel

Abdullah S. ALARAIMI  Takeshi HASHIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A    No.9    pp.1956-1964
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.9.1956
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Theory and Signals
Keyword: 
symmetric cancellation coding (SCC),  OFDM,  inter-carrier interference (ICI),  time-varying (fast) Rayleigh fading,  peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR),  

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Summary: 
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems for mobile applications suffer from inter-carrier-interference (ICI) due to frequency offset and to time-variation of the channels and from high peak-to-average-power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we revisit symmetric cancellation coding (SCC) proposed by Sathananthan et al. and compare the effectiveness of SCC with a fixed subtraction combining and the well-known polynomial cancellation coding (PCC) over Rayleigh fading channels with Doppler spread in terms of the signal-to-interference plus noise power ratio (SINR) and bit-error-rate (BER). We also compare SCC with subtraction combining and SCC of Sathananthan et al. with maximum ratio combining (MRC). Our results show that SCC-OFDM with subtraction combining gives higher SINR than PCC-OFDM over the flat Rayleigh fading channel and that this superiority is not maintained under multi-path induced frequency-selective fading unless diversity combining is used. A simulation result shows, however, that SCC-OFDM with subtraction combining may perform better than PCC-OFDM for a certain range of Doppler spread when differential modulation is employed. Finally, we also demonstrate that the SCC-OFDM signal has less PAPR compared to the normal OFDM and PCC-OFDM and hence may be more practical.