Improvement of the Stability and Cancellation Performance for the Active Noise Control System Using the Simultaneous Perturbation Method

Yukinobu TOKORO  Yoshinobu KAJIKAWA  Yasuo NOMURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A   No.8   pp.1555-1563
Publication Date: 2007/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.8.1555
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Papers Selected from the 21st Symposium on Signal Processing)
active noise control,  perturbation method,  variable control,  leaky algorithm,  

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In this paper, we propose the introduction of a frequency domain variable perturbation control and a leaky algorithm to the frequency domain time difference simultaneous perturbation (FDTDSP) method in order to improve the cancellation performance and the stability of the active noise control (ANC) system using the perturbation method. Since the ANC system using the perturbation method does not need the secondary path model, it has an advantage of being able to track the secondary path changes. However, the conventional perturbation method has the problem that the cancellation performance deteriorates over the entire frequency band when the frequency response of the secondary path has dips because the magnitude of the perturbation is controlled in the time domain. Moreover, the stability of this method also deteriorates in consequence of the dips. On the other hand, the proposed method can improve the cancellation performance by providing the appropriate magnitude of the perturbation over the entire frequency band and stabilizing the system operation. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through simulation and experimental results.