Constrained Adaptive Constant Modulus RLS Algorithm for Blind DS-CDMA Multiuser Receiver under Time-Varying Channels

Shiunn-Jang CHERN  Chun-Hung SUN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A    No.7    pp.1452-1461
Publication Date: 2007/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.7.1452
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Spread Spectrum Technologies and Applications
DS-CDMA multiuser detector,  constant modulus criterion,  linearly constrained RLS algorithm,  multiple access interference,  tracking capability,  

Full Text: PDF>>
Buy this Article

The performance of the blind multiuser detector for a DS-CDMA system with linearly constrained constant modulus (LCCM) criterion is known to highly depend on the exact knowledge of the desired user amplitude; it is usually not available at receiver end. In this paper, we propose a novel LC adaptive CM RLS (LC-ACM-RLS) algorithm to adaptively implement the optimal solution of the LCCM receiver, and to track the desired user's amplitude, simultaneously. From computer simulations, we verify the superiority of the new proposed algorithm over the conventional LCCM-RLS algorithm for multiple access interference (MAI) suppression. Also, for time-varying channel during the adaptation processes, if the amplitude of desired user is not available and varies with time, such as hand-off and Rayleigh fading environments, we show that the proposed LC-ACM-RLS algorithm has better tracking capability compared with the conventional approaches.