Distributed Video Coding Using JPEG 2000 Coding Scheme

Yoshihide TONOMURA  Takayuki NAKACHI  Tetsuro FUJII  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A   No.3   pp.581-589
Publication Date: 2007/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.3.581
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multimedia and Mobile Signal Processing)
Category: Image
Distributed Video Coding,  JPEG 2000,  wavelet transform,  LDPC,  mobile camera,  sensor network,  

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Distributed Video Coding (DVC), based on the theorems proposed by Slepian-Wolf and Wyner-Ziv, is attracting attention as a new paradigm for video compression. Some of the DVC systems use intra-frame compression based on discrete cosine transform (DCT). Unfortunately, conventional DVC systems have low affinity with DCT. In this paper, we propose a wavelet-based DVC scheme that utilizs current JPEG 2000 standard. Accordingly, the scheme has scalability with regard to resolution and quality. In addition, we propose two methods to increase the coding gain of the new DVC scheme. One is the introduction of a Gray code, and the other method involves optimum quantization. An interesting point is that though our proposed method uses Gray code, it still achieves quality scalability. Tests confirmed that the PSNR is increased about 5 [dB] by the two methods, and the PSNR of the new scheme (with methods) is about 1.5-3 [dB] higher than that of conventional JPEG 2000.