A 10-bit 800-Column Low-Power RAM Bank Including Energy-Efficient D-Flip-Flops for a Column-Parallel ADC

Shunsuke OKURA  Tetsuro OKURA  Bogoda A. INDIKA U.K.  Kenji TANIGUCHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A   No.2   pp.358-364
Publication Date: 2007/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.2.358
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
CMOS,  imager,  column-parallel ADC,  RAM bank,  DFF,  latch,  buffer,  energy efficient,  

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Summary: 
This paper describes the design of a random access memory (RAM) bank with a 0.35-µm CMOS process for column-parallel analog/digital converters (ADC) utilized in CMOS imagers. A dynamic latch is utilized that expends neither input DC nor drain current during the monitoring phase. Accuracy analysis of analog/digital conversion error in the RAM bank is discussed to ensure low power consumption of a counter buffer circuit. Moreover, the counter buffer utilizes a combination of NMOS and CMOS buffers to reduce power consumption. Total power consumption of a 10-bit 800-column 40 MHz RAM bank is 2.9 mA for use in an imager.