Doppler Diversity in MC-CDMA Systems with T-ZCZ Sequences for Doppler Spread Cancelation

Xiaoming TAO  Chao ZHANG  Jianhua LU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E90-A    No.11    pp.2361-2368
Publication Date: 2007/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.11.2361
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Category: CDMA
Doppler diversity,  MC-CDMA,  T-ZCZ,  Doppler spread,  

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Doppler diversity has been proven effective to combat time variation caused by Doppler spread in single carrier systems. However, it is not efficient to directly apply Doppler diversity into Multi-Carrier Code Division Multiple Access (MC-CDMA) systems because Inter-Carrier-Interference (ICI) increases with the artificial frequency shifts in diversity branches. In this paper, a novel Doppler diversity scheme in MC-CDMA with Three Zero Correlation Zones (T-ZCZ) sequences is proposed to further improve the performance of Doppler diversity. Particularly, zero correlation zones are employed in frequency domain for ICI cancelation caused by Doppler spread, which confirms the validity of the contribution to the wideband wireless communications in high speed mobile environment.