Texture and Objects: Interruption of Same-Object Effect in Human Vision

Taichi HIGASHI  Shinichi KITA  Isao WATANABE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E89-D   No.6   pp.1806-1812
Publication Date: 2006/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e89-d.6.1806
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Human Communication II)
Category: Vision and Image
Keyword: 
human vision,  texture,  object,  same-object effect,  

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Summary: 
The present research examines the relationship between texture processing and object processing in human vision. Recent computational studies have suggested a difference between the stages of processing. Texture processing can be performed by using statistical parameterization of the response of primary spatial filters. Object processing requires more complex and elaborate computation at a higher stage than texture processing. Our psychophysical experiments are conducted to clarify the relationship of the stages of texture processing and object processing, by focusing on same-object effect which facilitates and speeds attention shifts within the same object and also costs and delays attention shifts if the attention focus moves from one object to another. Texture is composed of lines parallel to, perpendicular to or inside of elongated rectangles used as objects. The same-object effect is measured with reaction time in a cued detection task. Vertical rectangles are used in xperiment 1 and horizontal ones are used in Experiment 2. Experiment 1 shows that the texture lines interrupt the same-object effect and that the interruption is nearly equal if texture lines are added both to the background and the inside of the objects. Experiment 2 yields the result same as Experiment 1. The interruption of the same-object effect by adding texture lines suggests that texture processing affects object processing.