Friction and Contact Resistance through True Contact Interface

Terutaka TAMAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E89-C   No.8   pp.1122-1128
Publication Date: 2006/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e89-c.8.1122
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electromechanical Devices (Selected Papers from IS-EMD2005))
Category: Contact Phenomena
Keyword: 
friction,  contact resistance,  true contact area,  friction coefficient,  electromechanical devices,  

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Summary: 
The main factor determining for both friction and contact resistance is the true contact area in the contact interface. Contact resistance depends on the size of the true contact area and contaminant films interposed between the contact areas of the interface. Moreover, friction force also depends on the true contact area. In particular, the formation of metallic junctions in the true contact area strongly effects the friction force. Therefore, since both electrical contact and friction force are related to the size of the true contact area, the contact resistance and friction force are considered to be interrelated through true contact areas. For electromechanical devices with sliding contacts such as connector and sliding switches, the contact resistance and friction are important characteristics. In order to obtain low contact resistance, contact load should be higher, but the friction force increases. These are opposite-side problems. In this study, as the contact resistance and friction occur in the same true contact area, the relationship between the contact resistance and friction was expressed in an equation. Moreover, this relationship was examined experimentally on a variety of contact surfaces under different surface conditions.