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Structure-Sensitive Design for Wider Tunable Operation of Terahertz Plasmon-Resonant Photomixer
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2006/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Heterostructure Microelectronics with TWHM2005)
Category: THz Devices
plasmon resonance, photomixer, terahertz, grating, HEMT,
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We performed numerical analyses on structure sensitive field emission properties of our proposing plasmon resonant photomixer (PRX) in the terahertz range. The photomixer incorporates doubly interdigitated grating strips for gate electrodes and a vertical resonator structure for realizing highly efficient terahertz emission even at room temperature. We investigated the dependence of total field emission properties of PRX's on their material and dimension parameters. Introduction of low-conductive gate electrodes and ac-coupled 2D periodic plasmon gratings with depleted connecting portions are effective for expanding its lower cutoff frequency. The cutoff frequency, which is around 1.0 THz in standard metal-gates configuration, is expanded to less than 500 GHz. The output intensity could also be amplified more than double. On the other hand, a shorter vertical cavity is effective for expanding its upper cutoff frequency, which is expanded close to vertical resonant frequency, while maintaining the lower cutoff frequency. The combination of these design rules can realize much broader bandwidth operation.