Extended-Range High-Resolution FMCW Reflectometry by Means of Electronically Frequency-Multiplied Sampling Signal Generated from Auxiliary Interferometer

Koichi IIYAMA  Makoto YASUDA  Saburo TAKAMIYA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E89-C   No.6   pp.823-829
Publication Date: 2006/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e89-c.6.823
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Optoelectronics
Keyword: 
optical fiber sensing,  optical ranging system,  optical reflectometry,  FMCW,  OFDR,  

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Summary: 
High-resolution FMCW reflectometry is often realized by sampling the beat signal with a clock signal generated from an auxiliary interferometer. The drawback of this system is that the measurement range is limited to less than half of the optical path difference of the auxiliary interferometer to satisfy the Sampling theorem. We propose and demonstrate a method to extend the measurement range of the system. The clock signal gerenerated from the auxiliary interferometer is electronically frequency-multipled by using a PLL circuit. The measurement range is experimentally extended by a factor of 20 while keeping high spatial resolution, and is theoretically extended by a factor of 128. The advantage of the proposed system is that the optical path difference of the auxiliary interferometer can be kept short, which is very effective for obtaining the stable and low time-jitter clock signal.