Adaptive DOA Tracking Approaches for Time-Space System in CDMA Mobile Environments

Ann-Chen CHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B   No.8   pp.2208-2217
Publication Date: 2006/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.8.2208
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
direction of arrival,  multiple mobile tracking,  antenna array,  code-division multiple access,  mobile communications,  

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It was previously shown that the number of array elements must exceed the number of sources for multiple target direction of arrival (DOA) tracking. This is clearly not practical for code-division multiple access (CDMA) communications since the number of mobile users is very large. To overcome the restriction, adaptive angle tracking approaches employing the code-matched filters and parallel Kalman/H algorithms are presented in this paper. The proposed approaches are applied to the base station of a mobile communication system. Different from Kalman prediction algorithm which minimize the squared tracking error, the adaptive H filtering algorithm is a worst case optimization. It minimizes the effect of the worst disturbances (including modeling error of direction matrix models and array structure imperfection, process noise, and measurement noise). Hence, the difficult problem of tracking the crossing mobiles can be successfully handled by using the code-matched filters. Computer simulation is provided for illustrating the effectiveness of the adaptive angle tracking approaches.