New TCP Congestion Control Schemes for Multimodal Mobile Hosts

Yoshiaki HORI
Yuji OIE

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B    No.6    pp.1825-1836
Publication Date: 2006/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.6.1825
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Radio Communications
multimodal,  vertical hand-off,  TCP congestion control,  

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Two congestion control schemes designed specifically to handle changes in the datalink interface of a mobile host are presented. The future mobile environment is expected to involve multimode connectivity to the Internet and dynamic switching of the connection mode depending on network conditions. The conventional Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), however, is unable to maintain stable and efficient throughput across such interface changes. The two main issues are the handling of the change in host Internet Protocol (IP) address, and the reliability and continuity of TCP flow when the datalink interface changes. Although existing architectures addressing the first issue have already been proposed, the problem of congestion control remains. In this paper, considering a large change in bandwidth when the datalink interface changes, two new schemes to address these issues are proposed. The first scheme, Immediate Expiration of Timeout Timer, detects interface changes and begins retransmission immediately without waiting for a retransmission timeout as in existing architectures. The second scheme, Bandwidth-Aware Slow Start Threshold, detects the interface change and estimates the new bandwidth so as to set an appropriate slow start threshold for retransmission. Through simulations, the proposed schemes are demonstrated to provide marked improvements in performance over existing architectures.