A Sign Selection Method of Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor Code for Peak Power Reduction in Multi-Rate OFCDM Systems

Osamu TAKYU  Tomoaki OHTSUKI  Masao NAKAGAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B    No.4    pp.1333-1345
Publication Date: 2006/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.4.1333
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
OFCDM,  multi-rate communication,  OVSF code,  peak power problem,  

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In this paper, we propose a novel peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) reduction method for multi-rate orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFCDM) based on an orthogonal variable spreading factor (OVSF) code. In the method, the base station assigns two signs of code sequence to each user to maintain the orthogonality among the code sequences that have different lengths. After that, one sign of the code sequence is selected for reducing the PAPR of the OFCDM symbol. Based on theoretical analysis and computer simulation, we show that the proposed method reduces the PAPR for two data rate classes.