Support of Efficient Route Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Access Networks

Chun-Yen HSU  Jean-Lien C. WU  Shun-Te WANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B   No.4   pp.1252-1262
Publication Date: 2006/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.4.1252
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
mobile ad hoc access network (MAHAN),  public wireless local area network (PWLAN),  IEEE 802.11,  routing,  packet overhearing,  Internet,  

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The Public Wireless Local Area Network (PWLAN) is an emerging service for wireless access to the Internet. However, the service coverage of the PWLAN is limited by the deployment of access points (APs) because only those who stay near the AP can access the PWLAN. A feasible way of extending the service coverage of a PWLAN is to deploy mobile ad hoc access networks (MAHANs) so that users who are not in an AP's radio coverage area can send their packets to the AP in a multihop manner. However, in a MAHAN, mobile nodes that intend to access the Internet have to discover routes to the AP first, which may result in considerable bandwidth cost. In this paper, we propose the Appointed BrOadcast (ABO) method to reduce the cost of route discovery in MAHANs. Using the ABO method can achieve this goal on the basis of packet overhearing. Functions that are necessary for network and data link layers to employ the ABO method are also discussed. Simulation results show that using the ABO method can significantly reduce the cost on route discoveries. Due to the widespread use of legacy IEEE 802.11 nodes, the problem of how ABO-enhanced and legacy IEEE 802.11 nodes can coexist in a MAHAN is also discussed.