Progressive Transform-Based Phase Unwrapping Utilizing a Recursive Structure

Andriyan Bayu SUKSMONO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B    No.3    pp.929-936
Publication Date: 2006/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.3.929
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
InSAR,  progressive phase unwrapping,  DEM,  FFT,  PDE,  numerical method,  FZX number,  

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We propose a progressive transform-based phase unwrapping (PU) technique that employs a recursive structure. Each stage, which is identical with others in the construction, performs PU by FFT method that yields a solution and a residual phase error as well. The residual phase error is then reprocessed by the following stages. This scheme effectively improves the gradient estimate of the noisy wrapped phase image, which is unrecoverable by conventional global PU methods. Additionally, by incorporating computational strength of the transform PU method in a recursive system, we can realize a progressive PU system for prospective near real-time topographic-mapping radar and near real-time medical imaging system (such as MRI thermometry and MRI flow imager). PU performance of the proposed system and the conventional PU methods are evaluated by comparing their residual error quantitatively with a fringe-density-related error metric called FZX (fringe's zero-crossing) number. Experimental results for simulated and real InSAR phase images show significant, progressive improvement over conventional ones of a single-stage system, which demonstrates the high applicability of the proposed method.