Subspace-Based Blind Detection of Space-Time Coding

Zhengwei GONG  Taiyi ZHANG  Haiyuan LIU  Feng LIU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B   No.3   pp.853-858
Publication Date: 2006/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.3.853
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
space-time coding (STC),  limited symbol vector set,  multi-input multi-output (MIMO),  subspace,  

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Space-time coding (STC) schemes for communication systems employing multiple transmit and receive antennas have received considerable interest recently. On space-time coding, some algorithms with perfect channel state information (CSI) have been proposed. In certain fast varying situation, however, it may be difficult to estimate the channel accurately and it is natural to study the blind detection algorithm without CSI. In this paper, based on subspace, a new blind detection algorithm without CSI is proposed. Using singular value decomposition (SVD) on output signal, noise subspace and signal subspace, which keep orthogonal to each other, are obtained. By searching the intersection of the signal subspace and the limited symbol vector set, symbol detection is achieved. The simulations illustrate that the proposed algorithm significantly improves system performance by receiving more output signals relative to transmit symbols. Furthermore, the presented algorithm is robust to the fading channel that changes between two successive blocks.