Channel Extrapolation Techniques for E-SDM System in Time-Varying Fading Environments

Huu Phu BUI  Yasutaka OGAWA  Takeo OHGANE  Toshihiko NISHIMURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B   No.11   pp.3083-3092
Publication Date: 2006/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.11.3083
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system,  eigenbeam space division multiplexing (E-SDM),  time-varying fading environment,  maximum Doppler frequency estimation,  channel extrapolation,  

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Summary: 
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems using eigenbeam space division multiplexing (E-SDM) perform well and have increased capacities compared with those using conventional space division multiplexing (SDM). However, channel state information (CSI) is required at a transmitter, and the performance of E-SDM systems depends much on the accuracy of the CSI at a transmitter and a receiver. In time-varying fading environments, the channel change between the transmit weight determination time and the actual data transmission time causes the system performance to degrade. To compensate for the channel error, a linear extrapolation method has been proposed for a time division duplexing system. Unfortunately, the system performance still deteriorates as the maximum Doppler frequency increases. Here, two new techniques of channel extrapolation are proposed. One is second order extrapolation, and the other is exponential extrapolation. Also, we propose maximum Doppler frequency estimation methods for exponential extrapolation. Simulation results for 4tx 4rx MIMO systems showed that using the proposed techniques, E-SDM system performs better in a higher Doppler frequency region.