Detection of Overlapping Speech in Meetings Using Support Vector Machines and Support Vector Regression

Kiyoshi YAMAMOTO  Futoshi ASANO  Takeshi YAMADA  Nobuhiko KITAWAKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.8   pp.2158-2165
Publication Date: 2006/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.8.2158
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Engineering Acoustics
Keyword: 
Support Vector Machines,  Support Vector Regression,  detection of overlapping speech,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, a method of detecting overlapping speech segments in meetings is proposed. It is known that the eigenvalue distribution of the spatial correlation matrix calculated from a multiple microphone input reflects information on the number and relative power of sound sources. However, in a reverberant sound field, the feature of the number of sources in the eigenvalue distribution is degraded by the room reverberation. In the Support Vector Machines approach, the eigenvalue distribution is classified into two classes (overlapping speech segments and single speech segments). In the Support Vector Regression approach, the relative power of sound sources is estimated by using the eigenvalue distribution, and overlapping speech segments are detected based on the estimated relative power. The salient feature of this approach is that the sensitivity of detecting overlapping speech segments can be controlled simply by changing the threshold value of the relative power. The proposed method was evaluated using recorded data of an actual meeting.