Accurate Channel Estimation Method for Frequency Domain Equalization on cdma2000 High Rate Packet Data System

Noriaki MIYAZAKI  Toshinori SUZUKI  Shuichi MATSUMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.7   pp.2063-2071
Publication Date: 2006/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.7.2063
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Spread Spectrum Technologies and Applications
Keyword: 
cdma2000,  high rate packet data,  NLMS,  MMSE,  time domain equalization,  frequency domain equalization,  channel estimation,  

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Summary: 
In order to improve the forward link capacity of cdma2000 HRPD (High Rate Packet Data) or CDMA2000 1xEV-DO, it is significant to overcome multi-path interference. This paper focuses on FDE (Frequency Domain Equalization) with MMSE (Minimum Mean Square Error) criterion. On top of that, backward compatibility with HRPD should be maintained, in other words common channels such as the pilot channel should not be changed. Thus, the PN (Pseudo Noise) spread pilot block without CP (Cyclic Prefix) signals has to be dealt with for FDE. However, this will cause the conventional channel estimation accuracy to deteriorate. In order to improve the estimation accuracy of the conventional method, this paper presents a MRC (Maximal Ratio Combining) spectrum estimator, IPI (Inter-Path Interference) canceller, and path searcher. The results obtained from computer simulations reveal that the proposed method can improve the PER (Packet Error Rate) performance significantly. If compared with Rake combiner and TDE (Time Domain Equalization) with NLMS (Normalized Least Mean Square) scheme, the maximum data rates at a fixed PER of 1% can be increased by 5 to 8 times and 1.25 to 2.67 times, respectively.