Visible Light Communication with LED Traffic Lights Using 2-Dimensional Image Sensor

Haswani BINTI CHE WOOK  Shinichiro HARUYAMA  Masao NAKAGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.3   pp.654-659
Publication Date: 2006/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.3.654
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multidimensional Signal Processing and Its Application)
Category: Communications
Keyword: 
visible lights communications,  LED traffic lights,  traffic information system,  2-dimensional image sensor,  

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Summary: 
We propose a new receiving method for an information-providing system that uses LED-based traffic lights as the transmitter. We analyzed the improvements obtained when 2-dimentional image sensor replaced the conventional single-element photodiode. First, we discuss the maximum receiver's field of view (FOV) when using the 2-dimentional image sensor at a particular focal length. We analyzed the best vertical inclination for both lanes and quantified the improvements in terms of the enhancement of received signal-noise ratio (SNR) when different numbers of pixels were applied. Our results indicate that using more pixels increases the received SNR and the service area becomes wider compared to the conventional single-element system. Consequently, receivable information within the service area also increased. We also found that the optimum number of pixels to accomplish a reliable communication system is 5050 because performance degradation occured with a larger number of pixels.