Noise Spectrum Estimation with Entropy-Based VAD in Non-stationary Environments

Bing-Fei WU  Kun-Ching WANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.2   pp.479-485
Publication Date: 2006/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.2.479
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
noise measurement,  voice activity detection,  spectrum entropy,  

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Summary: 
This study presents a fast adaptive algorithm for noise estimation in non-stationary environments. To make noise estimation adapt quickly to non-stationary noise environments, a robust entropy-based voice activity detection (VAD) is thus required. It is well-known that the entropy-based measure defined in spectral domain is very insensitive to the changing level of nose. To exploit the specific nature of straight lines existing on speech-only spectrogram, the proposed spectrum entropy measurement improved from spectrum entropy proposed by Shen et al. is further presented and is named band-splitting spectrum entropy (BSE). Consequently, the proposed recursive noise estimator including BSE-based VAD can update noise power spectrum accurately even if the noise-level quickly changes.