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Correlation-Based Video Watermarking Method Using Inter-Frame Similarity
Motoo YAMAMOTO Akira SHIOZAKI Motoi IWATA Akio OGIHARA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2006/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Information Hiding
digital video watermark, copyright protection, correlation-based watermarking, MPEG, StirMark,
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This paper presents a correlation-based watermarking method for video using the similarity of adjacent frames. In general, the adjacent frames of a video sequence is very similar. In the proposed scheme, we use an adjoining frame in detection process instead of an original image in the watermarking scheme of Cox et al. So the proposed method does not need an original video sequence in detection process. When a watermarked video sequence is attacked by overwriting copy or frame dropping, the pair of the frames that is not adjoining in an original video sequence is used in detection process. However, since a watermark is embedded in a part of each frame and embedding positions are different for each frame in the proposed method, we can detect the watermark even from an overwriting-copied video sequence and a frame-dropped video sequence. Experimental results show that the proposed method is robust against overwriting copy and frame dropping. Moreover, it is shown from experimental results that the method has robustness to low bitrate MPEG compression and StirMark attack.