A 0.3-V Operating, Vth-Variation-Tolerant SRAM under DVS Environment for Memory-Rich SoC in 90-nm Technology Era and Beyond

Yasuhiro MORITA  Hidehiro FUJIWARA  Hiroki NOGUCHI  Kentaro KAWAKAMI  Junichi MIYAKOSHI  Shinji MIKAMI  Koji NII  Hiroshi KAWAGUCHI  Masahiko YOSHIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.12   pp.3634-3641
Publication Date: 2006/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.12.3634
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on VLSI Design and CAD Algorithms)
Category: VLSI Architecture
Keyword: 
SRAM,  DVS,  Vth-variation-tolerant,  low power,  

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Summary: 
We propose a voltage control scheme for 6T SRAM cells that makes a minimum operation voltage down to 0.3 V under DVS environment. A supply voltage to the memory cells and wordline drivers, bitline voltage, and body bias voltage of load pMOSFETs are controlled according to read and write operations, which secures operation margins even at a low operation voltage. A self-aligned timing control with a dummy wordline and its feedback is also introduced to guarantee stable operation in a wide range of the supply voltage. A measurement result of a 64-kb SRAM in a 90-nm process technology shows that a power reduction of 30% can be achieved at 100 MHz. In a 65-nm 64-Mb SRAM, a 74% power saving is expected at 1/6 of the maximum operating frequency. The performance penalty by the proposed scheme is less than 1%, and area overhead is 5.6%.