Fuzzy Cellular Automata for Modeling Pattern Classifier

Pradipta MAJI  P. Pal CHAUDHURI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E88-D   No.4   pp.691-702
Publication Date: 2005/04/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e88-d.4.691
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Automata and Formal Language Theory
Keyword: 
cellular automata (CA),  fuzzy cellular automata (FCA),  classifier,  genetic algorithm (GA),  decision tree,  

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Summary: 
This paper investigates the application of the computational model of Cellular Automata (CA) for pattern classification of real valued data. A special class of CA referred to as Fuzzy CA (FCA) is employed to design the pattern classifier. It is a natural extension of conventional CA, which operates on binary string employing boolean logic as next state function of a cell. By contrast, FCA employs fuzzy logic suitable for modeling real valued functions. A matrix algebraic formulation has been proposed for analysis and synthesis of FCA. An efficient formulation of Genetic Algorithm (GA) is reported for evolution of desired FCA to be employed as a classifier of datasets having attributes expressed as real numbers. Extensive experimental results confirm the scalability of the proposed FCA based classifier to handle large volume of datasets irrespective of the number of classes, tuples, and attributes. Excellent classification accuracy has established the FCA based pattern classifier as an efficient and cost-effective solutions for the classification problem.