ACTAM: Cooperative Multi-Agent System Architecture for Urban Traffic Signal Control

Ruey-Shun CHEN  Duen-Kai CHEN  Szu-Yin LIN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E88-D   No.1   pp.119-126
Publication Date: 2005/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e88-d.1.119
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Distributed Cooperation and Agents
intelligent agents,  multi-agent systems (MAS),  decentralized control,  dynamic traffic signal control,  

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The traffic congestion problem in urban areas is worsening since traditional traffic signal control systems cannot provide] efficient traffic regulation. Therefore, dynamic traffic signal control in Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) recently has received increasing attention. This study devised a multi-agent architecture, the Adaptive and Cooperative Traffic light Agent Model (ACTAM), for a decentralized traffic signal control system. The proposed architecture comprises a data storage and communication layer, a traffic regulation factor processing layer, and a decision-making layer. This study focused on utilizing the cooperation of multi-agents and the prediction mechanism of our architecture, the Forecast Module, to forecast future traffic volume in each individual intersection. The Forecast Module is designed to forecast traffic volume in an intersection via multi-agent cooperation by exchanging traffic volume information for adjacent intersections, since vehicles passing through nearby intersections were believed to significantly influence the traffic volume of specific intersections. The proposed architecture can achieve dynamic traffic signal control. Thus, total delay time of the traffic network under ACTAM can be reduced by 37% compared to the conventional fixed sequence traffic signal control strategy. Consequently, traffic congestion in urban areas can be alleviated by adopting ACTAM.