Autonomous Decentralized High-Speed Processing Technology and the Application in an Integrated IC Card Fixed-Line and Wireless System

Akio SHIIBASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E88-D   No.12   pp.2699-2707
Publication Date: 2005/12/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e88-d.12.2699
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (IEICE/IEEE Joint Special Section on Autonomous Decentralized Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
contact-less IC card,  high-speed processing,  autonomous,  decentralized adjustment making technology,  high reliability,  

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Summary: 
There is "Processing speed improvement of the automatic fare collection gate (AFC gate)" as one of the important problems to correspond to the passengers getting on and off in high density transportation at the peak. On the other hand, reliability is indispensable to handle the ticket that is the note. Therefore, the ticket system that has both high-speed processing and high reliability is necessary and indispensable. For the passenger's convenience improvement and maintenance cost reduction, wireless IC card ticket system is hoped. However, the high-speed processing and the high reliability are ambivalent at this system because of wireless communications between an IC card and an AFC gate; the faster the AFC gate processes the ticket, the poorer the reliability gets. In this thesis, it proposes the autonomous decentralized processing technology to meet high-speed processing in wireless IC ticket system and the requirement of high reliability. "IC card" "AFC" and "Central server" are assumed to be an autonomous system. It proposes "Decentralized algorithm of the fare calculation by IC card and the AFC" to achieve high-speed processing. Moreover, "Autonomous, decentralized consistency technology" in each subsystem is shown for high-reliability. In addition, to make these the effective one, "Wireless communication area enhancing technology (touch & going method)" and "Command system for the data high speed processing" are shown. These technologies are introduced into the Suica system of East Japan Railway and the effectiveness has been proven.