Time-Coordinated Switching Relay for Arc Discharge Suppression

Noboru WAKATSUKI  Yuuich AKIBA  Yu YONEZAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E88-C   No.8   pp.1635-1640
Publication Date: 2005/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e88-c.8.1635
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices--Selected Papers from International Session on Electro-Mechanical Devices 2004 (IS-EMD2004)--)
Category: Relays and Switches
Keyword: 
arc discharge suppression,  arc ignition,  relay,  power consumption,  transient current,  

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Summary: 
We propose a new electric contact device for arc discharge suppression. The functions of conventional electric contacts are categorized into energizing switch contacts and transient current switch contacts. A capacitor is connected in series to a transient current switch. Suppression of power consumption and arc discharge at breaking contacts are proposed, experimentally measured, and theoretically analyzed. The transient V-I characteristics at breaking contacts are controlled by the transient current switch and the capacitor. The transient responses at contacts were numerically derived by SPICE, and the energizing switch contacts voltage could be controlled to less than the minimum arc voltage. Using 2 conventional relays, no arc ignition at breaking contacts was confirmed for 50 V/25 A.