Relationship between Length and Diameter of Contact Bridge Formed under Thermal Equilibrium Condition

Hiroyuki ISHIDA  Masanari TANIGUCHI  Hideaki SONE  Hiroshi INOUE  Tasuku TAKAGI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E88-C    No.8    pp.1566-1572
Publication Date: 2005/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e88-c.8.1566
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices--Selected Papers from International Session on Electro-Mechanical Devices 2004 (IS-EMD2004)--)
Category: Contact Phenomena
contact bridge,  thermal flow,  thermal equilibrium condition,  

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From the authors' investigations on the initial instantaneous phenomena in breaking contacts, we have found the two types of bridge, i.e. one is a brightened (luminous) bridge and another one is a dark (non-luminous) one. This paper discusses on the dark bridge formed between contacts when the separation speed is very small. The following items are mentioned in this paper: a) bridge model and theory on the relationship between bridge length and diameter. b) thermal flow from bridge to its vicinity, c) deduction of a thermal equilibrium condition from the calculation of thermal flow time constant. d) experimental works, e) discussions and f) conclusions. In conclusion, we see the coincidence of the tendency of the theory and experiment carried out on the relationship between bridge diameter and length.