An Improvement of Communication Environment for ETC System by Using Transparent EM Wave Absorber

Hiroshi KURIHARA  Yoshihito HIRAI  Koji TAKIZAWA  Takeo IWATA  Osamu HASHIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E88-C   No.12   pp.2350-2357
Publication Date: 2005/12/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e88-c.12.2350
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Theory
Keyword: 
electronic toll collection system (ETC),  transparent EM wave absorber,  resistive film,  circular polarized wave (CP wave),  reflectivity,  transmittivity,  

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Summary: 
When a large-size car exists on the ETC lane (Electronic Toll Collection System), there is the possibility that the interference on the adjacent lane occurs by the scattering waves from one. In this paper, we propose a new improvement method which the transparent EM wave absorber is placed between the ETC lane and the adjacent one in order to suppress the scattering waves from a large-size car. Therefore, we design the transparent EM wave absorber which consists of the transparent resistive and conductive films. Then, this absorber is produced, and its reflection and transmission coefficients are evaluated. In addition, its transmittance in optics is evaluated. As the results, the reflectivity of this absorber is obtained lower than -20 dB in the oblique incident angle from 0to 30at 5.8 GHz circular polarized wave, abbreviated as CP wave, and also the transmittivity is obtain lower than -27 dB in the oblique incident angle from 0to 70, respectively. On the other hand, the transmittance in optics is obtained higher than 60%. Moreover, we study experimentally on the ETC system with placing this absorber between the ETC lane and the adjacent one. We measured the distribution of receiving power on the adjacent lane, when a water sprinkler existed on the ETC lane. As a result, it is confirmed that the receiving power on the adjacent lane could be realized lower than -70.5 dBm, and then a new improvement method has proven to be very useful in the ETC system.