Surface Wave Distribution over Electromagnetic Bandgap (EBG) and EBG Reflective Shield for Patch Antenna

Kazuoki MATSUGATANI  Makoto TANAKA  Shinji FUKUI  Won Ho KIM  Moonil KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E88-C   No.12   pp.2341-2349
Publication Date: 2005/12/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e88-c.12.2341
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Theory
antenna,  EBG,  surface wave,  microwave,  

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Surface wave distribution over electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) plate is measured and suppression of surface wave propagation over the EBG is investigated. We used a micro current probe that detects H-field strength of the propagating transverse magnetic (TM) microwave up to 6 GHz. By scanning with the probe over the EBG, we visualized surface wave distribution at various frequencies. This visualized map shows that the EBG plate suppresses the surface wave propagation within the bandgap frequency. We utilized this effect for the antenna reflective shield. By combining the EBG with a microstrip patch antenna, this EBG works as a reflective shield and the front-to-backward radiation ratio of antenna is increased. In this experiment, we fabricated three types of shield board; mushroom type of EBG that has hexagonal textured patches connected with via-holes, textured surface without via-holes, and plane metal. By comparing the surface wave distributions and beam patterns of antenna with various shields, we found that the visualized map of TM surface wave gives us direct and intuitive information and helpful tips in designing the EBG reflective shield for patch antenna.