Analysis of Dielectric-Loaded Waveguide Slot Antennas by the Hybrid Mode-Matching/Moment Method

Boyu ZHENG  Zhongxiang SHEN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.8   pp.3416-3427
Publication Date: 2005/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.8.3416
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
dielectric-loaded waveguide,  slot antenna,  hybrid method,  mode-matching method,  moment method,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a hybrid technique combining the mode-matching method and moment method to analyze various slots cut in the wall of a rectangular waveguide partially filled with a dielectric slab. The waveguide slot structure is decomposed into two parts: a dielectric-loaded waveguide T-junction and an open-ended waveguide radiating into half space. The T-junction is analyzed by the mode-matching method, while the open-ended waveguide is characterized by the moment method with the modal functions in the slot being the full domain basis functions. A new approach for computing multidimensional integrals is proposed in the formulation of the open-ended waveguide, which greatly reduces the computation effort. The T-junction and the open-ended waveguide are then cascaded to obtain the final scattering parameters of the slot structure. Numerical results for different slots on a dielectric-loaded rectangular waveguide calculated by the hybrid method are presented and validated by comparing with measured and simulated data by Ansoft's HFSS. Good agreement is observed for all the cases considered. Parametrical studies are also conducted to examine the effect of the dielectric slab's thickness and relative permittivity on slot antenna's impedance/admittance.