A Multi-Code Biorthogonal Code Keying with Constant Amplitude Coding

Myoung Jin KIM  Sung Pil KIM  Jin-Woong CHO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.7   pp.2928-2936
Publication Date: 2005/07/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.7.2928
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
biorthogonal modulation,  M-ary waveform coding,  multi-code CDMA,  multi-code biorthogonal code keying (MBCK),  constant amplitude transmission,  error detection and correction,  

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Orthogonal modulation provides low probability of bit error, however its bandwidth efficiency is very low. Biorthogonal code may double the bandwidth efficiency, but its required bandwidth grows exponentially with the number of input bits as in orthogonal modulation. In this paper, we propose a multi-code biorthogonal code keying (MBCK) scheme that significantly reduces the signal bandwidth with the benefit from orthogonal waveform coding maintained. The system consists of multiple waveform coding blocks, and the sum of output codewords is transmitted. A problem with MBCK is that output signal is multi-level, which requires amplifier with high linearity. So it may not be an appropriate scheme for portable unit where power efficiency is highly important. We also propose a modified MBCK scheme that guarantees constant amplitude output. The transmitter of the proposed scheme contains a redundant waveform coder whose input is generated by encoding the information bits. Adding the codewords from all constituent waveform coding blocks, the composite signal has constant amplitude. It is also shown that the redundant bits are not only used to make constant amplitude signal but also used to improve the BER performance at the receiver.