Improved Channel Estimation for OFDM Systems with Multiple Transmit Antennas over Time-Varying Multipath Fading Channels

Hui-Chul WON  Gi-Hong IM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.5   pp.2093-2101
Publication Date: 2005/05/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.5.2093
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,  space-frequency block code,  space-time block code,  space-time-frequency block code,  channel estimation,  

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By using multiple transmit antennas, wireless systems have a large capacity in time-varying multipath fading channels. Space-time block code (STBC), space-frequency block code (SFBC), and space-time-frequency (STF) block code are well-known techniques in transmitter diversity schemes. While the SFBC (or the STF block coded) system gives full diversity at frequency-nonselective channels, it breaks down when used in a frequency-selective environment. This is because the SFBC (or the STF block code) scheme disregards frequency selectivity of the channel by assuming that channel frequency responses (CFRs) at adjacent subcarriers are the same. In this paper, we propose efficient channel estimation and symbol decoding methods, which consider the difference between CFRs at the adjacent subcarriers of the SFBC (or the STF block coded) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system in multipath fading channels. The proposed method gives initial channel information by designing a simple training symbol, and the CFRs at all the subcarriers and the differences between the CFRs are easily calculated by using an interpolation method or a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) operation.