Dual Level Access Scheme for Digital Video Sequences

Thumrongrat AMORNRAKSA  Peter SWEENEY  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.4   pp.1632-1640
Publication Date: 2005/04/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.4.1632
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Broadcast Systems
Keyword: 
dual level access,  digital image processing,  selective encryption,  direct-sequence spread spectrum,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, a dual level access scheme is proposed to provide two levels of access to the broadcast data; one to video signals protected for authorized users, another to extra information e.g. advertisements provided for the remaining users in the network. In the scheme, video signals in MPEG format are considered. The video contents are protected from unauthorized viewing by encrypting the DC coefficients of the luminance component in I-frames, which are extracted from the MPEG bit-stream. An improved direct sequence spread spectrum technique is used to add extra information to non-zero AC coefficients, extracted from the same MPEG bit-stream. The resultant MPEG bit-stream still occupies the same existing bandwidth allocated for a broadcast channel. At the receiver, the extra information is recovered and subtracted from the altered AC coefficients. The result is then combined with the decrypted DC coefficients to restore the original MPEG bit-stream. The experimental results show that less than 2.9% of the size of MPEG bit-stream was required to be encrypted in order to efficiently reduce its commercial value. Also, on average, with a 1.125 Mbps MPEG bit-stream, an amount of extra information up to 1.4 kbps could be successfully transmitted, while the video quality (PSNR) was unnoticeably degraded by 2.81 dB.