Impact of Protocols and Network Configuration on Node-Level Availability in Sensor Networks

Toshiaki TSUCHIYA  Hiroshi SAITO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B    No.3    pp.981-990
Publication Date: 2005/03/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.3.981
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Ubiquitous Networks)
Category: Network
sensor network,  ubiquitous,  network availability,  power control,  routing protocol,  performance metric,  performance measure,  QoS metric,  QoS measure,  performance evaluation,  

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We investigate the effects of the performance of sensor networks on network availability and in turn evaluate the impact of protocols and network configuration on these effects. The typical wireless sensor network of the future consists of a large number of micro-sized sensors that are equipped with batteries of limited capacity. In such a network, energy consumption is one of the most important issues. Several representative protocols that are applied in ring and linear network configurations are analyzed, and explicit formulae for network availability are derived for each of them. Numerical values derived by using these formulae yielded the surprising result that backup routes do not always improve network availability. This is because the loads imposed by the backup routes on network segments that do not include dead sensor nodes reduce sensor-node lifetimes in these segments.