On Beamforming for Space-Time Block Coded OFDM Systems in Multipath Fading Channels

Sang-Mun LEE
Byeong-Ho YOON
Hyung-Jin CHOI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B    No.3    pp.1182-1190
Publication Date: 2005/03/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.3.1182
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
beamforming,  MMSE,  OFDM,  transmit diversity,  space-time block code,  

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Recently, in order to improve high speed data transmission and spectral efficiency in wireless communication systems, the combination of OFDM and space-time coding is being actively studied. In order to maximize the system efficiency, the problem of co-channel interference must be solved. One technique to overcome the co-channel interference and to increase the system capacity is to use adaptive antennas. Conventional beamforming techniques for single antenna cannot be applied directly to STBC-OFDM systems, because the signals transmitted from the two transmit antennas are superposed at the receive antenna and the interference between signals of the two transmit antennas occurs. In this paper, we present the MMSE beamforming technique using training sequence for STBC-OFDM systems in reverse link and evaluate the performance by using various parameters such as the number of training blocks, cluster sizes and angle spreads in Two-ray, TU and HT channels. From the simulation results, we show the best cluster sizes and the number of training blocks corresponding to these cluster sizes.