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Cell Selection Based on Shadowing Variation for Forward Link Broadband OFCDM Packet Wireless Access
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2005/01/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multi-carrier Signal Processing Techniques for Next Generation Mobile Communications--Part 1)
Category: Cell Selection
broadband packet wireless access, OFCDM, cell selection, hard handover, shadowing,
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This paper proposes cell selection (CS) based on shadowing variation for the forward-link Orthogonal Frequency and Code Division Multiplexing (OFCDM) packet wireless access. We clarify its effects using a broadband propagation channel model in a comparison with fast cell selection (FCS), which tracks the instantaneous fading variation, and with the conventional slow CS, which tracks only the distance-dependent path loss, based on radio link level simulations that take into account time-varying instantaneous fading and shadowing variations. The simulation results show that the achievable throughput with FCS improves slightly in a broadband channel with an increasing number of paths when the average path-loss difference between two cells is greater than 2 dB. Nevertheless, we show that the optimum CS interval becomes approximately 100 msec, because the interval can track the time-varying shadowing variation considering low-to-high mobility up to the maximum Doppler frequency of 200 Hz. Consequently, we show that the throughput by employing the CS based on shadowing variation with the selection interval of 100 msec is increased by approximately 5 and 15% compared to that using the conventional slow CS with the selection interval of 1 sec, for the maximum Doppler frequency of 20 and 200 Hz, respectively.