A Distributed Clustering Method for Hierarchical Routing in Large-Scaled Wavelength Routed Networks

Yukinobu FUKUSHIMA  Hiroaki HARAI  Shin'ichi ARAKAWA  Masayuki MURATA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.10   pp.3904-3913
Publication Date: 2005/10/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.10.3904
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Next Generation Photonic Network Technologies)
WDM,  lightpath network,  path-vector routing,  hierarchical routing,  distributed clustering,  

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The scalability of routing protocol has been considered as a key issue in large-scaled wavelength routed networks. Hierarchical routing scales well by yielding enormous reductions in routing table length, but it also increases path length. This increased path length in wavelength-routed networks leads to increased blocking probability because longer paths tend to have less free wavelength channels. However, if the routes assigned to longer paths have greater wavelength resources, we can expect that the blocking probability will not increase. In this paper, we propose a distributed node-clustering method that maximizes the number of lightpaths between nodes. The key idea behind our method is to construct node-clusters that have much greater wavelength resources from the ingress border nodes to the egress border nodes, which increases the wavelength resources on the routes of lightpaths between nodes. We evaluate the blocking probability for lightpath requests and the maximum table length in simulation experiments. We find that the method we propose significantly reduces the table length, while the blocking probability is almost the same as that without clustering.