Improved Performance with Adaptive Dly-ACK for IEEE 802.15.3 WPAN over UWB PHY

Hongyuan CHEN  Zihua GUO  Richard YAO  Yanda LI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.9   pp.2364-2372
Publication Date: 2005/09/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.9.2364
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Ultra Wideband Systems)
Category: MAC Protocol
Dly-ACK,  802.15.3 WPAN,  burst size,  UWB,  

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Dly-ACK scheme in IEEE 802.15.3 MAC is designed to reduce the overhead of the ACK frame in MAC layer and improve the channel utilization. However, how to using the Dly-ACK is open for implementation. In this paper, we propose an adaptive Dly-ACK scheme for both TCP and UDP traffic. We first point out the problems of applying fixed Dly-ACK scheme to these two traffic scenarios and show that the system performance is rather poor and the causes of these problems are presented. Based on our observations, two enhancement mechanisms for fixed Dly-ACK are then proposed. The first one is to request the Dly-ACK frame adaptively or change the burst size of Dly-ACK according to the transmitter queue status. The second is a retransmission counter to enable the destination DEV to deliver the MAC data frames to upper layer timely and orderly. Simulation results show that, with our enhancements, the system performance can be improved significantly compared with the conventional Imm-ACK and fixed Dly-ACK. We also investigate the impacts of some important parameters such as the buffer size on the system performance. Some important guidelines for the Dly-ACK design are given. Finally, it is worth to point out that our Dly-ACK enhancements are compatible with the standard and it is transparent to the upper layer protocols, i.e., either UDP or TCP.