Efficient Blind MAI Suppression in DS/CDMA Systems by Embedded Constraint Parallel Projection Techniques

Masahiro YUKAWA  Renato L.G. CAVALCANTE  Isao YAMADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.8   pp.2062-2071
Publication Date: 2005/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.8.2062
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Papers Selected from the 19th Symposium on Signal Processing)
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
blind MAI suppression,  DS/CDMA system,  linearly constrained algorithms,  adaptive projected subgradient method,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents two novel blind set-theoretic adaptive filtering algorithms for suppressing "Multiple Access Interference (MAI)," which is one of the central burdens in DS/CDMA systems. We naturally formulate the problem of MAI suppression as an asymptotic minimization of a sequence of cost functions under some linear constraint defined by the desired user's signature. The proposed algorithms embed the constraint into the direction of update, and thus the adaptive filter moves toward the optimal filter without stepping away from the constraint set. In addition, using parallel processors, the proposed algorithms attain excellent performance with linear computational complexity. Geometric interpretation clarifies an advantage of the proposed methods over existing methods. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms achieve (i) much higher speed of convergence with rather better bit error rate performance than other blind methods and (ii) much higher speed of convergence than the non-blind NLMS algorithm (indeed, the speed of convergence of the proposed algorithms is comparable to the non-blind RLS algorithm).