Proposal of a Simple Synchronization Method for CSK/SS

Azumi ITO  Hiromasa HABUCHI  Fumie ONO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.6   pp.1455-1461
Publication Date: 2005/06/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.6.1455
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Papers Selected from 2004 International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC 2004))
Code Shift Keying,  synchronization,  Manchester-code,  delay lock loop,  tracking error,  

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In this paper, a new tracking method for Code Shift Keying Spread Spectrum (CSK/SS) is proposed. In the CSK/SS systems, since the transmitted sequences vary at every frame, synchronization is difficult. In the proposed method, a pair consists of the Manchester-coded PN sequence and the non-Manchester-coded PN sequence as the synchronizing sequence. The cross-correlation characteristic of the pair is used instead of the S-curve of delay lock loop (DLL). The receiver can track the signal timing by using the characteristic. The proposed method is applied to the external synchronization system whose structure is simple. The following performance in channel with the Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) is analyzed and evaluated; (1) the tracking error (jitter) performance and (2) the bit error rate (BER) performance that takes the jitter into account. As a result, the jitter of the proposed system is better than those of the conventional DLL systems as Eb/N0 increases. The jitter of the proposed system has less degradation than those of the conventional systems, even if the number of users increases. Moreover, BER of the proposed system is similar to that of the 1Δ-DLL system and superior to that of the 2Δ-DLL system.