IMM Algorithm Using Intelligent Input Estimation for Maneuvering Target Tracking

Bum-Jik LEE  Jin-Bae PARK  Young-Hoon JOO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.5   pp.1320-1327
Publication Date: 2005/05/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.5.1320
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Systems and Control
Keyword: 
interacting multiple model algorithm,  intelligent input estimation,  maneuvering target,  fuzzy system,  genetic algorithm,  

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Summary: 
A new interacting multiple model (IMM) algorithm using intelligent input estimation (IIE) is proposed for maneuvering target tracking. In the proposed method, the acceleration level for each sub-model is determined by IIE-the estimation of the unknown target acceleration by a fuzzy system using the relation between the residuals of the maneuvering filter and the non-maneuvering filter. The genetic algorithm (GA) is utilized to optimize a fuzzy system for a sub-model within a fixed range of target acceleration. Then, multiple models are represented as the acceleration levels estimated by these fuzzy systems, which are optimized for different ranges of target acceleration. In computer simulation for an incoming anti-ship missile, it is shown that the proposed method has better tracking performance compared with the adaptive interacting multiple model (AIMM) algorithm.